Laravel 使用 Server 层

作者: 温新

分类: 【Laravel】

阅读: 1844

时间: 2022-12-11 11:00:50

hi,我是温新,一名 PHPer

将所有代码写在控制器中,这并不是一个很好的方法。可以使用 Server 层将代码进行分离,分离后的代码逻辑更加清晰而且的方法还能进行复用。

1、创建控制器

<span style="color: rgb(255, 192, 0);">php artisan make:controller Test/TestController</span><br></br>

2、创建 TestServer.php

app 目录下创建该层: Test/TestService.php

<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important"><?</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">php</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">namespace</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">App\Service\Test</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">class</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">TestService</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">{</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">}</span>

3、定义路由

<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(98, 151, 85) !important">// routes/web.php</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important"><?</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">php</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">App\Http\Controllers\Test\TestController</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">Route</span>::<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">get</span>(<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(152, 195, 121) !important">'tests'</span>, [<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">TestController</span>::<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">class</span>, <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(152, 195, 121) !important">'index'</span>]);</span>

4、编写 TestService.php 代码

<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important"><?</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">php</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">namespace</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">App\Service\Test</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">App\Models\User</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">class</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">TestService</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">{</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">public</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">function</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">getUserList</span>()</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    {</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">        <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">return</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">User</span>::<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">all</span>();</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    }</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">}</span>

5、使用 TestService.php

对于 Service 层的使用,给出两种使用方法,一种是使用 new 实例出一个对象;另一种通过绑定服务者来使用。

通过 new 对象来使用:TestController.php 代码如下:

<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important"><?</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">php</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">namespace</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">App\Http\Controllers\Test</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">App\Http\Controllers\Controller</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">App\Service\Test\TestService</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">Illuminate\Http\Request</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">class</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">TestController</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">extends</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">Controller</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">{</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">public</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">function</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">index</span>()</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    {</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">        <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">$userService</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important">=</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">new</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">TestService</span>();</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">        <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">return</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">$userService</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important">-></span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">getUserList</span>();</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    }</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">}</span>

通过绑定服务提供者来使用

注册服务

<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important"><?</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">php</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(98, 151, 85) !important">// app/Providers/AppServiceProvier.php</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">namespace</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">App\Providers</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">App\Service\Test\TestService</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">Illuminate\Support\ServiceProvider</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">class</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">AppServiceProvider</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">extends</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">ServiceProvider</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">{</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">public</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">function</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">register</span>()</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    {</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">        <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(98, 151, 85) !important">// 使用单例注册 Service 层服务</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">        <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">$this</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important">-></span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">app</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important">-></span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">instance</span>(<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">TestService</span>::<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">class</span>, <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">new</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">TestService</span>)</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    }</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">}</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span>

控制器中使用服务

<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important"><?</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">php</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">namespace</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">App\Http\Controllers\Test</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">App\Http\Controllers\Controller</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">App\Service\Test\TestService</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">use</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">Illuminate\Http\Request</span>;</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box"></span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">class</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">TestController</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">extends</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">Controller</span></span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">{</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">public</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">function</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(224, 108, 117) !important">index</span>()</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    {</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">        <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">return</span> <span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">app</span>(<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">TestService</span>::<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(198, 120, 221) !important">class</span>)<span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(86, 182, 194) !important">-></span><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(209, 154, 102) !important">getUserList</span>();</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">    }</span><br></br><span style="box-sizing: border-box;color: rgb(171, 178, 191);padding-right: 0.1px">}</span>
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